NSF Protocol P352
Validation and Verification of Eco-Efficiency Analyses
This protocol establishes minimum content for Eco-Efficiency Analyses (EEAs). EEA is a method to quantify the relative environmental (energy, emissions, land use, raw materials, risk potential, and toxicity potential) and economic impacts of product or process alternatives through their anticipated life cycles. The World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) developed the term eco-efficiency in 1992 and, in the simplest terms, it is a management philosophy intended on creating more goods and services while consuming fewer resources and generating less waste and pollution. EEAs meeting the protocol requirements accurately and comprehensively achieve generally-accepted life-cycle analysis and sustainability principles and standards. The protocol consists of two parts: an EEA Methodology Validation Procedure (Part A), and an EEA Study Verification Procedure (Part B). In order to meet the protocol requirements, a EEA studies must be undertaken using a methodology validated to the requirements of P352 Part A.